If you intend to apply for permanent residency in Canada in 2022, you need be aware of your options and the procedures involved.
There are several immigration schemes in Canada, each with its own set of criteria and requirements. Some of the most popular immigration schemes are Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs), Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP), and Startup visa program.
The two most popular ways to apply for a Canada PR visa are through the Express Entry program and the Provincial Nominee Program.
Before applying for an immigration program, make sure you match the eligibility standards, which are 67 points out of 100.
Applicants are graded based on variables such as their age, language, education, and work experience.
The following criteria will determine how many points you can earn for meeting the eligibility requirements:
- Age: If you are between the ages of 18 and 35, you will receive the most points. Those over this age will receive fewer points.
- Education: Your minimum educational qualification in Canada must be equivalent to the higher secondary education level.
- Work experience: You must have at least one year of work experience to receive the minimum number of points. More years of experience at work will help you obtain more points.
- Language ability: To be able to apply, you must have at least 6 bands in your IELTS, which is equivalent to CLB 7. More points are awarded for higher scores.
- Adaptability: You get 10 points for adaptability if you have family or close relatives who live in Canada and can support you when you relocate there.
- Work offer: A valid job offer from a Canadian firm entitles you to ten points.
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Here is a step-by-step guide to applying for a PR visa via Express Entry and the Provincial Nominee Program.
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Express Entry application for permanent residency in Canada
Step 1: Create an Express Entry profile.
To begin, you must create an online Express Entry profile. The profile should include information such as age, employment experience, education, language skills, and other qualifications.
If you meet the program’s eligibility requirements, you can submit your profile. This will be added to the Express Entry pool of profiles.
Step 2: Complete your ECA.
You should complete an Educational Credentials Assessment, or ECA, if you received your education outside of Canada. This is to demonstrate that your educational credentials are comparable to those granted by the Canadian educational system.
Step 3: Complete your language proficiency tests.
As the following step in the Express Entry program, you should take the required English language tests. The IELTS must be taken with a score of 6 bands in each section. Your test score should be less than two years old at the time of application.
You will receive extra points if you know French. You can demonstrate your proficiency in French by taking a language test, such as the Test de Evaluation de Francians (TEF). If you completed your e-learning outside of Canada, you must complete an Educational Credentials Assessment, or ECA. This is to demonstrate that your educational credentials are equivalent to those granted by the Canadian educational system.
Step 4: Determine your CRS score
The Express Entry pool is ranked using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score. Applicants are assigned a CRS score based on their profile, and this number is used to rank them in the Express Entry pool. The assessment fields for the score are as follows:
- Language ability
- Work experience
- Other factors
If you have the necessary CRS score for the Express Entry draw, you will be invited to apply for a PR visa.
Receiving a job offer from a Canadian business is one of the best methods to boost your CRS score; depending on your skill level, this can range from 50 to 200 points.
A provincial nomination is another approach to help CRS. PNPs for Express Entry are available in various Canadian provinces. A nomination from one of these provinces will increase your CRS score by 600 points.
Step 5: Get your ITA (Invitation to Apply)
If your profile is chosen from the Express Entry pool and you meet the Express Entry minimum score standards, the Canadian government will send you an Invitation to Apply (ITA), allowing you to begin the procedure for your PR visa.
Submission of an application through the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
The Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP) were established by Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) to assist Canada’s provinces and territories in selecting immigration candidates who are willing to settle in a specific province or territory and have the skills and expertise to contribute to the province or territory’s economic development.
If you choose to apply for your PR visa through the PNP, follow these steps:
- You must apply in the province or region where you want to live.
- If your profile fits the standards, the province may designate you to apply for a PR visa.
- After being nominated by a province, you can apply for your PR visa.
- The qualifying requirements for the PR application vary by province, but are equivalent to those for the Express Entry Program.
- Once you have received your provincial nomination, you can apply for a PR visa in that province.
Every PNP is adapted to the labour market demands of the province. You must have the requisite skills, education, work experience, and language competence to be eligible for the Provincial Nominee Program (PNP).
If the province deems your skills are a suitable fit for their requirements, they will issue you a provincial nomination, which will provide you 600 of the total 1,200 points you’ll need on your CRS, letting you to advance in the candidate pool.