The UK has established a point-based immigration system in the most recent immigration update of 2022, which will let foreign hopefuls work and live in the UK with a fair chance and ample chances.
The system included four categories with varying advantages and application fees that require candidates to obtain at least 60 points.
Continue reading to learn more about the significant distinctions and similarities between the UK Tier 1 and Tier 2 Visas.
What are Tier 1 and Tier 2 visas in the United Kingdom?
- Visa Tier 1
The UK Tier 1 visa, also known as the Entrepreneur or UK Innovator visa, is a route for highly educated migrants to reside and work in the UK area, whether they are business owners, investors, or innovators. This visa is for non-EU ‘exceptionally brilliant’ individuals who want to spend at least £200,000 of disposable investment capital in the UK and create value to their economy.
The visa is only accessible to those with a high level of specialty who have earned at least 75 points in an MBA programme or meet the following criteria:
- Qualifications (25-45 points)
- prior earnings (5- 75 points)
- UK knowledge (5 points)
- Age (5-20 points)
- More information about the Tier 1 (entrepreneur) visa
A foreign businessperson or entrepreneur who wishes to migrate to the United Kingdom should furnish at least GBP 50,000 as the minimum share capital for their company.
Aside from that, applicants must hold the majority of the company’s shares and provide full-time opportunities for future employees, with at least two EEA workers required. When applying for a Tier 1 visa for entrepreneurs, candidates must have understanding of the English language.
- Visa Tier 2
The Tier 2 work visa promotes qualified migrants with a prior job offer or sponsorship to transfer to the UK. This visa needs a work offer in order to settle in the UK and is an excellent chance for job searchers to settle in the UK with their families.
Tier 2 is given to people who have a minimum of 60 points, which includes:
- The presence of a sponsor and a sponsorship certificate (50 points)
- Language abilities in English (10 points)
- accessible resources (10 points).
- More information about the Tier 2 (skilled workers) visa
A Tier 2 visa is a skilled visa that is valid for five years and is required for nationals from outside Europe to enter Scotland, Wales, or the United Kingdom. This type of visa is granted to those who need to fill certain roles in the UK due to a shortage of employees in various areas. Details regarding the sponsorship must be submitted in order to get a Tier 2 visa for skilled workers.
Other UK Visa Categories
Tier 5: Temporary Worker Visa: Allows government exchange students, athletes, and charity workers to stay and work in the UK for a limited time.
Tier 4: Student Visa: For overseas students pursuing further study in the UK with a two-year extension to find work in the country
Tier 3: Low skilled work visa: To assist low skilled individuals in filling positions in the UK when they are in high demand.
What is the distinction between the UK Tier 1 and UK Tier 2 visas?
|Differences||Tier 1||Tier 2|
|Purpose||To attract exceptionally talented business owners and inventors||For skilled workers like engineers, accountants, etc to fill job vacancies in the UK job market|
|Validity of visa||3.5 years||5 years|
|Visa approval rate||Low||Above average|
|Benefits||Education for children
Sponsorship rights for relatives and friends
Global pioneer recognition
Direct pathway for British citizenship
|Access to NHS for 5 years
Eligibility for UK Citizenship
|Process Time||2 weeks||3 weeks|
Image Source (Google)
Eligibility Criteria for Tier 1 and Tier 2 visa
- Good English Proficiency via IELTS,TOEFL or PTE
- IELTS score must be 5 or above
- Must belong to the age group 25-44
- Must have at least 1 year of relevant work experience
- Must have satisfactory qualifications in the field of choice
- Must prove a decent educational background of 15 years at least
- Must have sufficient funds to support their stay in the country
UK Points Table
|Offer of job by an approved sponsor||Yes||20|
|Job at appropriate skill level||Yes||20|
|Salary of £20,480 (minimum) – £23,039||No||0|
|Salary of £23,040 – £25,599||No||10|
|Salary of £25,600 or above||No||20|
|Job in a shortage occupation (as designated by the MAC)||No||20|
|Education qualification: Ph.D. in a subject relevant to the job||No||10|
|Education qualification: Ph.D. in a STEM subject relevant to the job||No||20|
- Certificate of Sponsorship (CoS)
- English Language Score Card
- Cover Letter
- Tuberculosis Test Clearance Certificate
- Criminal verification certificate
- Proof of funds statement
How to apply for a UK Tier1 & 2 Visa?
To apply for the UK Tier 1 visa, you must first spend at least £2,000,000 in the UK.
The following are the processes to apply for a Tier 2 Workers Visa:
Step 1: Gather all required documentation.
Verify that all of your papers have been scanned and authenticated.
Step 2: Go to the nearest Embassy and obtain the Tier 2 application form.
You can go to a consultation or fill out your form online.
Step 3: Complete the application with correct information.
Any minor spelling mistakes or mismatched information might result in the application being rejected. Ensure complete precision.
Step 4 : (IHS)Pay the Immigration Health Surcharge in
You must make a $400 payment.
Step 5: Pay the visa application cost.
The fees are determined on the occupation you have selected.
Step 6: Submit the biometrics.
You must submit your biometric data to the BRP centre. For the final application, print this paper.
Step 7: Go to your visa interview.
Make sure you’re prepared to answer queries like “Why are you settling in the UK?” and so on.
Step 8: Submit your completed application.
You may now submit your application for final approval.
Image Source (Google)
How much does a UK visa at Tier 1 and Tier 2 cost?
Cost of Tier 1 Visa
Even for a visa modification, the Tier 1 Investor Visa costs roughly £1,623.
Cost of Tier 2 Visa
|Tier 2 General Visa||£1,220|
|Tier 2 Health & Care Visa||£464|
Is the Tier 2 General visa dependent on points?
Yes, it is a visa with a point system. A applicant must score at least 60 points depending on their qualifications, age, job experience, and English ability.
How long am I allowed to stay in the UK once my Tier 1 and Tier 2 visas expire?
Tier 1 visas can be renewed for 30 days, whereas Tier 2 visas can be extended for one year.
The United Kingdom’s new point-based system has proven to be a welcome adjustment in their immigration system. It offers a more basic process and can enable an increasing number of foreign nationals settle in the United Kingdom each year.
Tier 1 visas are reserved for extraordinarily gifted scientists, researchers, and company entrepreneurs. It is limited to 2000 admissions every year, making it tough to get.
The Tier 2 visa, on the other hand, may be well within your reach. It is a path for talented employees like as engineers, IT experts, and other jobs that are in high demand in the UK, and it provides advantages similar to citizenship.
Contact our immigration specialists now to learn more about the UK Tier 1 or Tier 2 visa!