Federal Skilled Worker Program

This program invites skilled workers from across the world to contribute to the economic needs of the country.



FSWP: Immigrate to Canada under the Federal Skilled Worker Program

The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) has been the principal mechanism for Canada to welcome talent from all around the world since 1967.
The FSWP was the first program in the world to objectively examine immigration prospects. The FSWP is now one of Canada's three skilled worker programs controlled through the Express Entry system.
The eligibility for this immigration program is based on the point-based calculation system. With the help of this system, the Canadian government manages the applications of the skilled workers who want to migrate to Canada.
UK Business Visa:
Provincial Nominee Program is for those workers who have the skills, education, and experience. The Provincial Nominee Program (PNP) allows Canadian provinces and territories to nominate individuals who wish to immigrate to Canada and who are interested in settling in a particular province.
UK Business Visa:

Overview :

The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) was established in 1967 to recruit immigrants from throughout the world. Prior to the FSWP, Canada chose skilled worker immigrants on a case-by-case basis, depending on the discretion of individual immigration officers who made a judgment call on whether an applicant could fit into the Canadian labor market.

The Canadian government concluded that the previous method was ineffective, so it implemented the world’s first points-based immigration system. Canada would no longer employ subjective criteria. Instead, it chose to analyze all candidates using objective criteria, taking into account their age, education, language abilities, job experience, and vocation, among other things.


The benefits of the FSWP :

The Express Entry application management system is now in charge of the FSWP. Canada plans to welcome an average of 110,000 immigrants each year through Express Entry. The FSWP is used by the majority of successful Express Entry candidates to come to Canada. According to Canadian government research, FSWP immigrants enjoy successful and satisfying jobs in Canada.

Furthermore, obtaining immigration through the FSWP is advantageous since it allows you to get permanent residency in six months, as opposed to the lengthy processing timelines for Canada’s other skilled worker programs.


How the immigration process works with the FSWP:

Three skilled worker programmes in Canada, including the FSWP, employ the Express Entry application management system. The FSWP will be your best Express Entry choice if you have never lived in Canada and are not a skilled trades professional. To begin, check to determine if you meet the FSWP’s eligibility requirements.Then you fill out an Express Entry application. A Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score will be assigned to you based on your age, education, language skills, and job experience. The Canadian government performs Express Entry lotteries every two weeks, asking the individuals with the highest CRS scores to apply for permanent residence in Canada. You can anticipate to get your permanent residency status and move to Canada within six months of completing your full application.


Here’s a step-by-step approach to using the FSWP to pursue immigration to Canada:

Step 1: Determine whether you fulfil the FSWP’s eligibility requirements. 

Step 2: Go to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s website and fill out your Express Entry profile (IRCC).

Step 3: Check to see if you’ve received an invitation to apply for permanent residency (ITA). Every two weeks, the IRCC runs an Express Entry draw.

Step 4: If you obtain an ITA, finish your permanent residency application and send it to IRCC. After IRCC has finished processing your application, you can move to Canada.


Eligibility Criteria :

To be considered for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, applicants must fulfil the program’s minimal standards for employment, language skills, and education, as well as score at least 67 points on a 100-point scale.

The minimum requirements are:

  • One year of continuous full-time or equivalent paid work experience in a skilled occupation categorized as skill level 0, A, or B by the National Occupational Classification (NOC) in the previous ten years;
  • Validated language ability in English or French equivalent to the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in all abilities (reading, writing, listening, and speaking); and a Canadian or foreign educational credential (certificate, diploma, or degree) and an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report.
  • On the FSWP grid, get at least 67 out of 100 points. The grid used by the programme evaluates individuals based on age, education, job experience, arranged employment, language skills, and adaptability.

You can join the Express Entry pool once you’ve verified your eligibility. The CRS is used to rank applicant profiles in the Express Entry pool, which also includes Federal Skilled Trades and Canadian Experience Class candidates.

Selection Factors

The FSWP’s selection factors are listed below. Click on each factor to learn more:

Factors Points
Education Up to 25 points
Language Skills Up to 28 points
Work Experience Up to 15 points
Age Up to 12 points
Arranged Employment Up to 10 points
Adaptability Up to 10 points

FAQ's Section:

What is the minimum CRS score for the federal skilled workers?

Ans: To apply for the Federal Skilled Worker Program, you will need to get a minimum, pass mark of 67 points out of 100 on the Federal Skilled Worker grid.

What is FSW in Express Entry?

Ans: The Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) program is one of the three programs contained within Canada’s Express Entry system for processing permanent residency applications. 

Is federal skilled worker same as Express Entry?

Ans: FSW is a category of immigration, Express Entry is a system for applying. To begin, the difference between the FSW class and Express Entry is that while FSW is in fact a program for permanent residence

What is a decent CRS score?

Ans:  You require a score of 67 out of 100 to first be eligible to obtain a PR visa via the Express Entry system.

Is FSW better than PNP?

Ans: FSW appears to be processed faster than PNP applicants, possibly because there has to be additional verification from the nominating province during processing.

What are the minimum eligibility requirements for a Canada Immigration Visa under the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)?

Candidates must meet the following requirements to be eligible for a Canada Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa under the FSWP:

  • having completed at least one year of continuous full-time, or comparable, paid work experience in a skilled occupation (National Occupational Classification skill type 0 or skill level A or B) in the previous ten years;
  • have verified language test scores in English or French that are comparable to the Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) 7 in all abilities (reading, writing, hearing, and speaking); and
  • have an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA) report supporting a Canadian or international educational credential (certificate, diploma, or degree).
  • having sufficient settlement cash to settle in Canada

On Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada’s (IRCC) six immigration selection factors, FSWP candidates must score at least 67 points.

Finally, under all categories of Canadian immigration, all applicants and their accompanying and non-accompanying dependents must meet Canadian health and security/criminality criteria.

Can an individual apply directly for permanent residence under the FSWP?

The Express Entry system manages the FSWP, which grants invitations to apply for permanent residence in Canada through periodical drawings from a pool of candidates. Only those candidates who have been granted an Invitation to Apply (ITA) are eligible to apply for permanent residence in Canada.

Is there an eligible occupations list?

There is no list of vocations that are eligible. Applicants must have worked in an employment designated as skill level A or B or skill type 0 under Canada’s National Occupational Classification (NOC) for at least one year in the previous ten years.

What documents must be included in support of an application under the FSWP?

If you are chosen to apply for permanent residence through Express Entry, you will be required to provide the following papers to the FSWP in support of your permanent residence application:

evidence of education training/professional qualifications; 

evidence of work experience; 

IELTS or CELPIP and/or TEF or TCF Canada results or; 

Canadian educational credential assessment; 

evidence of Arranged Employment, if applicable; 

evidence of points claimed, if any, under the adaptability fac;

identity and civil status documents; 

travel documents and passports; 

evidence of education training/professional qualifications; 

evidence of work experience; IELTS or CELPIP and/or TEF or TCF Canada results or; Canadian educational credential assessment.

In addition to their e-application, all applicants who get an invitation to apply must provide the following supporting documents:

  • Valid passport
  • Language test results
  • Documentation attesting to work experience
  • Police clearance certificate(s)
  • An upfront medical information tracking sheet
  • Photographs of the principal applicant and family members

It’s vital to know that many Canadian Immigration Visa Offices have their own set of paperwork criteria that must be followed to avoid an application being returned, delayed, or even denied.

Under the FSWP, who may be included in an application?

The following family members may be included in an application under the FSWP:

  • spouse or common-law partner of the lead applicant;
  • dependent children of the chief applicant and dependent children of the accompanying spouse or common-law partner, up to the age of 22;
  • dependent children of the chief applicant’s dependent children and dependent children of the accompanying spouse or common-law partner
Does an FSWP candidate's work experience have to be related to his or her education in order to be recognized?

Work experience does not have to be connected to the candidate’s education as long as he or she is currently executing or has previously done the tasks of the occupation for which points are being claimed.

Is a Canadian offer of employment required in order for a candidate to qualify as a Federal Skilled Worker?

A genuine job offer is not essential to qualify for the FSWP, but it might earn you up to 15 points and increase your chances of being qualified. Furthermore, depending on the type of work, a genuine job offer from a Canadian business might gain you between 50 and 200 points under Express Entry’s Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

How can I improve my Express Entry CRS score for the FSWP?

Ways to improve your score include:

  • Obtain all of the CRS points for which you are entitled.
  • List your spouse or partner (if appropriate) as the primary candidate if they have a better CRS score than you.
  • Prepare thoroughly for your language exam. If required, retake the test to obtain a satisfactory score.
  • Attempt to get a qualifying employment offer or a provincial nomination.
Can a point be awarded if a candidate has a close relative in Canada?

Yes, an applicant will receive points for the Adaptability Factor if he or she, or his or her accompanying spouse or common-law partner, has a close family who is a Canadian citizen or permanent resident and presently resides in Canada. The Canadian citizen or permanent resident must be a child, mother or father, brother or sister, aunt or uncle, niece or nephew, grandchild or grandparent to qualify as a close relative.

How many immigrants does Canada welcome under the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP) each year?

Express Entry is the primary method by which IRCC welcomes new skilled workers, and the FSWP is one of three skilled worker programmes administered by Express Entry. By 2024, Canada hopes to have welcomed over 110,000 new immigrants through Express Entry. The majority of these immigrants come through the FSWP and the Canadian Experience Class programmes.