The processes to becoming a Canadian citizen from a permanent resident.

Many people value and value Canadian citizenship. For many, Canadian citizenship represents the prospect of a better life.

This year, Canada celebrates Citizenship Week from May 23 to May 29. The Canadian Citizenship Act went into force on January 1, 1947, during the reign of Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King. Since then, the Citizenship Act has been updated to reflect Canada’s principles as a multicultural nation. The epidemic prompted further innovation in Canadian citizenship by offering virtual citizenship ceremonies.

Immigration Minister Sean Fraser expanded on some of the amendments to the Citizenship Act that are aimed at making Canada more inclusive.

“Canada is known around the world as a country that accepts and embraces our differences,” Minister Fraser said in a press statement. “As we grew, we revised our Citizenship Act to reflect our principles and create an inclusive community.”

“Recent modifications include widening the understanding of ‘citizenship by descent’ to be more inclusive for families,” the minister stated. “They also include creating a new Oath of Citizenship that respects First Nations, Inuit, and Métis peoples’ inherent and treaty rights, as well as the commitment that all Canadians have to uphold treaties between the Crown and Indigenous nations.” As we continue on the path of healing, we are dedicated to ensuring that the painful aspects of our history are not forgotten.”

As a citizen, you have access to some benefits that permanent residents do not have, such as voting and owning a Canadian passport. Here are some of the processes that Canadian permanent residents must follow to gain citizenship.

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How to Apply for Citizenship in Canada


Obtain permanent residency

Continue reading if you have already completed this step. Otherwise, check to see whether you are eligible for one of Canada’s more than 100 immigration programs.

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Comply with the residence requirement

You must have lived in Canada for at least 1,095 days (three years) in the five years before your application for citizenship. To prevent calculating issues, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) recommends that you apply with more than 1,095 days in Canada.

If you were a temporary resident in Canada, you may be allowed to apply that period toward your residency requirement. When calculating your physical presence, each day spent in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person in the last five years counts as a half-day. As a temporary resident or protected person, you can count up to 365 days toward your physical presence calculation with IRCC.

Visitors, students, employees, and holders of temporary resident permits are all examples of temporary residents. Protected persons are those who have been deemed by the Immigration and Refugee Board to be in need of protection or a convention refugee, or who have received a favourable decision from IRCC on a Pre-Removal Risk Assessment.

Outside of Canada, time spent does not generally count towards your physical presence requirements, although there are few exceptions. Permanent residents, for example, who work in the United States may be eligible to credit days spent in the United States toward their physical presence requirement if they reside in Canada and return to Canada for at least part of the day.


Fill up your tax forms

You may be required to file taxes in Canada for at least three years prior to applying for citizenship.

Even if you only spent a portion of the year in Canada, you may be required to file an income tax return if you:

  • Taxes for the year must be paid
  • Want to get a refund?
  • Interested in receiving benefits and credit payments


Pass a citizenship test in Canada

On the day of their Canadian citizenship application, those aged 18 to 54 must take a citizenship test. Participants are tested on their knowledge of Canadian rights and duties, as well as Canada’s history, geography, economy, government, laws, and symbols. The test lasts 30 minutes, is available in English or French, and includes multiple-choice and true/false questions. A mark of 15 out of 20 is required to pass.


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Demonstrate your language abilities.

Those between the ages of 18 and 54 must additionally demonstrate their ability to communicate in English or French by attaining a Canadian Language Benchmarks (CLB) level of 4 or above in reading, writing, listening, and speaking. IRCC evaluates your language proficiency in a variety of methods, including:

  • Examining the evidence you provide with your application
  • Taking note of how well you connect with immigration officials during the application process
  • If necessary, assessing your language skills during a hearing with a citizenship authority.


Proof of language competence can include your educational certification or transcript in English or French (IRCC accepts certified translations), or documentation that you completed a secondary or post-secondary educational program in English or French, whether overseas or inside Canada. It could also be the results of the language exam you took as part of your application for Canadian permanent residence.


Obtain Canadian citizenship

More than 85% of Canadian immigrants gain citizenship. An immigration lawyer can assist you with the Canadian citizenship application procedure.

Also read Applications for Canada Express Entry will be processed in 6 months: IRCC