When discussing the Canadian immigration points system, it is typically referring to Canada’s Express Entry system. Express Entry utilizes a points-based system to select the most qualified individuals for immigration to Canada.
Canada’s Express Entry Immigration Points System Explained The Express Entry system aligns with three programs:
- Federal Skilled Worker (FSW)
- Federal Skilled Trades (FST)
- Canadian Experience Class (CEC)
Applicants who submit an Express Entry profile under one of these programs are assigned a score based on various factors. These factors include age, language proficiency, education level, work experience, and other criteria.
The scoring system used in Express Entry is known as the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS), and the total points earned by an applicant is referred to as their CRS score.
To apply for Express Entry immigration, individuals must first create a profile that outlines all the relevant factors considered for points allocation. Each eligible profile is assigned a CRS score, with a maximum of 1,200 points. Approximately every two weeks, the Canadian government conducts an Express Entry draw, wherein the candidates with the highest-ranking CRS scores receive an Invitation to Apply (ITA) for Canadian immigration.
During each Express Entry draw, Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) sets a cut-off score. Candidates with CRS scores above this cut-off receive an ITA for Canadian immigration.
Federal Skilled Worker Points The Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW) is one of the three programs aligned with Express Entry. FSW has its own points system in addition to the CRS score. When people refer to Canadian immigration points, they may be specifically referring to the FSW points.
Before calculating their CRS score, FSW candidates must meet the minimum eligibility criteria for the program. The eligibility is determined by calculating FSW points, which are different from the CRS score.
The FSW points grid is based on a scale of 100 points. To be eligible to submit an Express Entry profile, FSW candidates must score at least 67 out of 100 points. These points consider factors such as age, education, language proficiency, work experience, and connections to Canada. While similar to the CRS score, the points assigned for these factors in the FSW program differ from the CRS score.
Meeting the minimum score of 67 out of 100 for FSW opens the door to the Express Entry pool. Only after achieving this score are candidates eligible to receive their CRS score.
The other two Express Entry-aligned programs, FST and CEC, do not employ separate immigration points systems. Instead, applicants under these programs must meet the respective program’s minimum eligibility criteria.
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Is There a Minimum CRS Score to Enter the Express Entry Pool? There is no fixed minimum CRS score required to enter the Express Entry pool. The CRS cut-off score varies in each draw and can fluctuate based on several factors. Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) do not disclose the minimum required CRS score in advance of each round of invitations. Therefore, having a higher CRS score increases the likelihood of receiving an ITA.
Calculating Immigration Points for Canada’s Express Entry System Canada’s immigration points system for FSW and Express Entry considers a combination of various factors. For more detailed information on Canadian immigration points, you can refer to the web pages explaining the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score and the Federal Skilled Worker (FSW) points grid.
A quick way to estimate your immigration points under Canada’s Express Entry system is by using the free CRS Calculator tool available. This tool provides an estimate of your CRS score once you enter the Express Entry pool.