The ordinary old-age pension is usually awarded at the age of 65 if a 120-month contribution period of mandatory, optional, or discretionary insurance or purchase periods has been completed. There are a few exceptions to the minimum retirement age, such as when a worker can retire at the age of 57 or 60 if certain conditions are met.
you have planned an overseas career in Luxembourg and have landed a position there, you will first need to understand the advantages of working in the country.
Working hours and paid vacation
Working hours in Luxembourg are 40 hours per week, with overtime pay available.
After three months of employment, employees are entitled to 25 days of paid vacation every year. Paid leave must be taken during the calendar year to which it applies, but in exceptional circumstances, it may be postponed to the next year.
The minimum wage
Luxembourg has the world’s highest minimum wage. Salary levels are determined by the employee’s age and qualifications.
The income tax in Luxembourg is computed based on the individual’s situation (e.g., family status). Individuals are assigned a tax class for this purpose. There are three types of taxes:
- Class 1 is for single people.
- Class 2 for married people and civil partners (under certain conditions).
- Class 1a for single taxpayers with children and single taxpayers over the age of 65 on January 1 of the tax year. Class 2 is reserved for married people and civil partners (under certain conditions).
Social safety net
Luxembourg has a strong social security system that provides people who have contributed to the country’s social security system with a wide range of benefits. These services include public healthcare and unemployment compensation, veteran and widower pensions, and sick, maternity, and parental leave.
To be eligible for any of these benefits, you must have already contributed to Luxembourg’s social security system. To be eligible for unemployment benefits, you must have worked at least 26 weeks in the previous twelve months. Your social security contributions are automatically withdrawn from your monthly wage.
Insurance and healthcare
Healthcare insurance provides the payment of medical bills as well as the compensation for any medical leave taken. The usual rate is roughly 25% of an employee’s gross compensation, with a maximum of five times the minimum wage. The employee’s portion is 5.9 percent, with both the employer and the employee contributing equally to the payment. Employees that work for themselves make their own contributions. The employee is still entitled to remuneration in the event of an accident, sickness, retirement pension, pregnancy, or annual paid leave.
Leave for Maternity
Maternity benefits are paid during antenatal and postnatal leave. In practice, maternity benefits are equal to the highest pay earned in the three months preceding maternity leave for employees or the contribution base for self-employed workers when on maternity leave.
Parental Leave of Absence
Parental leave is granted to parents with children under the age of six. The goal is to take a sabbatical from their professional job or reduce their working hours in order to devote themselves entirely to their child’s education. With the employer’s permission, the new parental leave permits both parents to cease working full-time for 4 or 6 months, or part-time for 8 or 12 months. The law also allows for the option of taking divided parental leave.
As of January 1, 2019, all workers under the age of 68 are eligible to statutory sick pay for up to 78 weeks of absence from work due to illness, within a reference period of 104 weeks. The Social Security Administration pays the employee directly.
from the month after the month in which the employee has a 77-day absence
Employees on sick leave are not dismissed for the first 26 weeks of their absence. If an employee is still unable to work after the statutory sick pay term has elapsed, they may apply for an invalidity pension
Luxembourgers, like other Europeans, communicate in a straightforward manner. Tact and diplomacy, on the other hand, are highly valued and seen as a show of respect.
Despite established hierarchies within firms and organizations, a management model stressing expanded participation of employees and subordinates has gained appeal in recent decades.
Luxembourgers are pragmatic and reasonable people. In a world where charm and civility are the rules, assertiveness and strong criticism are not tolerated.